The spatial and operational efficiency of driverless vehicles will allow cities to shift the 30-50% of urban spaces currently dedicated to automobiles towards increased natural habitat and cultural spaces, community housing, regenerative water and energy systems, and localized food production. This transformation of public space has the opportunity to afford a new vitality of efficiency, inclusion, and connection.
Even the most compact and dense cities can benefit from the spatial efficiencies that shared autonomous transport will provide including minimized public and private parking, reduced lane requirements, and increased safety. 
Typical 60’ wide roads (2 lanes of parking and 2 lanes of traffic) will be minimized to 1-2 lanes of protected transport, service, and emergency spaces.  Reapportioned space will be utilized for localized resource capture and production, micro residential communities and gardens, arts, and gathering.
The 20th century ushered in the transformation of cities to meet the spatial requirements of personal automobiles and saw the rise of auto-centric urban and suburban developments.
Brasilia, Brazil
The results of auto-scaled development can be iconic but often fail to create healthy and active public spaces.
Istiklal Avenue, Istanbul, Turkey
The rediscovered benefits of walkable, human-scaled communities are shaping cities across the globe.
We are researching new street typologies for urban retrofits and future cities.  
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